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design

(Encyclopedia) design, plan or arrangement of line, form, mass, color, and space in a pattern. A design may be created to serve a functional purpose as in architecture and in…

cryolite

(Encyclopedia) cryolite or kryolite both: krī´əlīt˝ [key] [Gr.,=frost stone], mineral usually pure white or colorless but sometimes tinted in shades of pink, brown, or even…

essence

(Encyclopedia) essence, in philosophy, the nature of a thing. Aristotle maintained that there is a distinction between the form of a thing—its intelligible, verbally formulable…

Carpocrates

(Encyclopedia) Carpocrates kärpŏk´rətēz [key], fl. c.130–c.150, Alexandrian philosopher, founder with his son Epiphanes of a Hellenistic sect, notoriously licentious, related to…

Cymbeline

(Encyclopedia) Cymbeline sĭm´bəlēn [key] or Cunobelinus kyo͞o˝nōbĭlī´nəs [key], d. c.AD 40, British king. His conquest of the Trinovantes (of Essex) reportedly made him the…

chariot

(Encyclopedia) chariot, earliest and simplest type of carriage and the chief vehicle of many ancient peoples. The chariot was known among the Babylonians before the introduction of…

Horrocks, Jeremiah

(Encyclopedia) Horrocks or Horrox, Jeremiah both: hŏr´əks [key], 1618?–1641, English astronomer. He made the first observation of the transit of Venus. His Venus in sole…