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drugs

(Encyclopedia) drugs, substances used in medicine either externally or internally for curing, alleviating, or preventing a disease or deficiency. At the turn of the century only a few medically effective subs...

drug addiction and drug abuse

(Encyclopedia) drug addiction and drug abuse, chronic or habitual use of any chemical substance to alter states of body or mind for other than medically warranted purposes. Traditional definitions of addictio...

orphan drug

(Encyclopedia) orphan drug, drug developed under the U.S. Orphan Drug Act (1983) to treat a disease that affects fewer than 200,000 people in the United States. The orphan drug law offers tax breaks and a sev...

psychedelic drug

(Encyclopedia) psychedelic drug sī˝kədĕl´ĭk [key]: see hallucinogenic drug . ...

psychotomimetic drug

(Encyclopedia) psychotomimetic drug sīkŏt˝ōmĕmĕt´ĭk [key]: see hallucinogenic drug . ...

antidiabetic drug

(Encyclopedia) antidiabetic drug, any of several drugs that control blood sugar level in the treatment of diabetes . See insulin .

generic drug

(Encyclopedia) generic drug, a drug sold or prescribed under the nonproprietary name of its active ingredients or under a generally descriptive name rather than under a brand or trade name. The name of the ac...

designer drug

(Encyclopedia) designer drug, chemical substance synthesized in a laboratory that is intended to have effects similar to those of a drug that is a controlled substance, such as methamphetamine, marijuana, LSD...

drug resistance

(Encyclopedia) drug resistance, condition in which infecting bacteria can resist the destructive effects of drugs such as antibiotics and sulfa drugs . Drug resistance has become a serious...

hypnotic drugs

(Encyclopedia) hypnotic drugs, drugs that induce sleep, sometimes called soporifics. In general, hypnotics are central nervous system depressants . Alcohol, laudanum (see opium ), bromide salts, a...