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Ulloa, Francisco de

(Encyclopedia) Ulloa, Francisco de fräns´k ooly´ä, d. c.1540, Spanish explorer in Mexico. Against the orders of Viceroy Antonio de Mendoza, Hernán Cortés sent Ulloa to explore the Gulf of…

Mendocino, Cape

(Encyclopedia) Mendocino, Cape mnds´n, westernmost point of California, c.200 mi (320 km) N of San Francisco in Humboldt co. It was discovered and named in 1543 in honor of Antonio de Mendoza by…

Marcos de Niza

(Encyclopedia) Marcos de Niza mär´ks d n´sä, c.1495–1558, missionary explorer in Spanish North America. A Franciscan friar, he served in Peru and Guatemala before going to Mexico. There he headed…

Zumárraga, Juan de

(Encyclopedia) Zumárraga, Juan de hwän d thoomä´rägä, 1468–1548, Spanish churchman, first bishop of Mexico, a Franciscan. Going to Mexico in 1528, he became prominent in governmental affairs and…

Mixtón War

(Encyclopedia) Mixtón War mstn´, 1541, revolt of indigenous peoples against Spanish rule in Nueva Galicia, W Mexico. The conquest under Nuño de Guzmán had been particularly harsh and the encomienda…

Morelia

(Encyclopedia) Morelia mr´lyä, city (1990 pop. 489,756), capital of Michoacán state, W Mexico. It is the commercial and processing center of an irrigated agricultural and cattle-raising area.…

Alvarado, Pedro de

(Encyclopedia) Alvarado, Pedro de p´r d älvärä´, 1486–1541, Spanish conquistador. He went to Hispaniola (1510), sailed in the expedition (1518) of Juan de Grijalva, and was the chief lieutenant…

Velasco, Luis de

(Encyclopedia) Velasco, Luis de lws´ vläs´k, d. 1564, Spanish administrator, second viceroy (1550–64) of New Spain (now Mexico), successor to Antonio de Mendoza. His rule was remarkably…

Coronado, Francisco Vásquez de

(Encyclopedia) Coronado, Francisco Vásquez de fränths´k väs´kth d krnä´, c.1510–1554, Spanish explorer. He went to Mexico with Viceroy Antonio de Mendoza and in 1538 was made governor of…

Cortés, Hernán

(Encyclopedia) Cortés, Hernán, or Hernando Cortezkôrtz´, Span. rnän´, rnän´d krts´, 1485–1547, Spanish conquistador, conqueror of Mexico. Expedition to Mexico Cortés went (1504) first to…