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organic farming

(Encyclopedia) organic farming, the practice of growing plants—especially for fruits and vegetables, but for ornamentals as well—without the use of synthetic pesticides, herbicides, and fertilizers, or of...

collective farm

(Encyclopedia) collective farm, an agricultural production unit including a number of farm households or villages working together under state control. The description of the collective farm has varied with t...


(Encyclopedia) Anim ā´nĭm [key], in the Bible, town of ancient Palestine, SW of Hebron.


(Encyclopedia) animal, any member of the animal kingdom (kingdom Animalia), as distinguished from organisms of the plant kingdom (kingdom Plantae) and the kingdoms Fungi , Protista , and ...


(Encyclopedia) animism, belief in personalized, supernatural beings (or souls) that often inhabit ordinary animals and objects, governing their existence. British anthropologist Sir Edward Burnett Tylor ...


(Encyclopedia) farming, in agriculture: see agriculture .


(Encyclopedia) farming, in the history of taxation , collection of taxes through private contractors. Usually, the tax farmer paid a lump sum to the public treasury; the difference between that sum and ...

animal-rights movement

(Encyclopedia) animal-rights movement, diverse individuals and groups concerned with protecting animals from perceived abuse or misuse. Supporters are specifically concerned with the use of animals for medica...

moss animal

(Encyclopedia) moss animal, common name applied to members of the phylum Ectoprocta .