Timeline: Czarist Russia

Updated February 28, 2022 | David Johnson

Ivan the Terrible becomes the first czar of Russia

1533158916051613168917621812186119041914Next Timeline

1533

Ivan IV (the Terrible) the first czar; expands autocracy, begins annexation of Siberia

1589

Russian Orthodox Church becomes independent of other orthodox churches

1605-1613

Time of Troubles, Poland invades Russia

1613

Michael Romanov becomes czar, founds dynasty that rules until 1917

1689-1725

Peter I (the Great) Russia's first emperor; creates modern European power; promotes Western culture, builds new capital, St. Petersburg

1762-1796

Catherine II (the Great) turns Russia into one of strongest powers in Continental Europe

1812

Napoleon invades Russia; ferocious winter and Russian resistance nearly annihilate French

1861

Alexander II emancipates serfs, launches reforms

1904

Russia loses Russo-Japanese War; Revolution of 1905 forces Nicholas II to accept a parliament, constitution

1914-1917

Russia enters World War I, suffers devastating defeats from Germany and Austria, morale collapses; revolution erupts

 

 

 

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