circumstance: Meaning and Definition of


Pronunciation: (sûr'kum-stans" or, esp. Brit., -stuns), [key]
— n., v., -stanced, -stanc•ing.
  1. a condition, detail, part, or attribute, with respect to time, place, manner,agent, etc., that accompanies, determines, or modifies a fact or event; a modifying or influencing factor: Do not judge his behavior without considering every circumstance.
  2. Usually,the existing conditions or state of affairs surrounding and affecting an agent: Circumstances permitting, we sail on Monday.
  3. an unessential or secondary accompaniment of any fact or event; minor detail: The author dwells on circumstances rather than essentials.
  4. the condition or state of a person with respect to income and material welfare: a family in reduced circumstances.
  5. an incident or occurrence: His arrival was a fortunate circumstance.
  6. detailed or circuitous narration; specification of particulars: The speaker expatiated with great circumstance upon his theme.
  7. ceremonious accompaniment or display: pomp and circumstance.
  8. regardless of events or conditions; never: Under no circumstances should you see them again.
  9. because of the conditions; as the case stands: Under the circumstances, there is little hope for an early settlement.
  1. to place in particular circumstances or relations: The company was favorably circumstanced by the rise in tariffs.
    1. to furnish with details.
    2. to control or guide by circumstances.
Random House Unabridged Dictionary, Copyright © 1997, by Random House, Inc., on Infoplease.
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