analysis: Meaning and Definition of
Pronunciation: (u-nal'u-sis), [key]
— pl. -ses
Random House Unabridged Dictionary, Copyright © 1997, by Random House, Inc., on Infoplease.
- the separating of any material or abstract entity into its constituent elements (opposed to synthesis).
- this process as a method of studying the nature of something or of determining its essential features and their relations: the grammatical analysis of a sentence.
- a presentation, usually in writing, of the results of this process: The paper published an analysis of the political situation.
- a philosophical method of exhibiting complex concepts or propositions as compounds or functions of more basic ones.
- an investigation based on the properties of numbers.
- the discussion of a problem by algebra, as opposed to geometry.
- the branch of mathematics consisting of calculus and its higher developments.
- a system of calculation, as combinatorial analysis or vector analysis.
- a method of proving a proposition by assuming the result and working backward to something that is known to be true. Cf. synthesis (def. 4).
- intentionally produced decomposition or separation of materials into their ingredients or elements, as to find their kind or quantity.
- the ascertainment of the kind or amount of one or more of the constituents of materials, whether obtained in separate form or not. Cf. qualitative analysis, quantitative analysis.