Saudi Arabia | Facts & Information
Infoplease has everything you need to know about Saudi Arabia. Check out our country profile, full of essential information about Saudi Arabia's geography, history, government, economy, population, culture, religion and languages. If that's not enough, click over to our collection of world maps and flags.
Facts & Figures
Sovereign: King Salman bin Abd al-Aziz Al Saud (2015)
Total/Land area: 829,999 sq mi (2,149,690 sq km)
Population (2022 est.): 35,354,380 (growth rate: 1.63%); birth rate: 14.22/1000; infant mortality rate: 12.27/1000; life expectancy: 76.65
Capital and largest city (2022 est.): Riyadh, 7.538 million
Other large cities: Jeddah, 4.781 million; Makkah (Mecca), 2.115 million; Medina, 1.545 million; Ad Dammam, 1.305 million; Hufuf-Mubarraz, 860,000 million
Monetary unit: Riyal
National name: Al-Mamlaka al-'Arabiya as-Sa'udiya
Ethnicity/race: Arab 90%, Afro-Asian 10%
Religion: Muslim (official; citizens are 85-90% Sunni and 10-12% Shia), other (includes Eastern Orthodox, Protestant, Roman Catholic, Jewish, Hindu, Buddhist, and Sikh) (2020 est.)
Literacy rate: 87.6% (2020 est.)
Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2020 est.): $1,543,240,000,000; per capita $44,300. Real growth rate: -.9%. Inflation: -2%. Unemployment: 6% (data are for total population; unemployment among Saudi nationals is more than double (2017)). Arable land: 1.5%. Agriculture: wheat, barley, tomatoes, melons, dates, citrus; mutton, chickens, eggs, milk. Labor force: 13.8 million; note: comprised of 3.1 million Saudis and 10.7 million non-Saudis (2017); agriculture 6.7%, industry 21.4%, services 71.9% (2005 est.). Industries: crude oil production, petroleum refining, basic petrochemicals; ammonia, industrial gases, sodium hydroxide (caustic soda), cement, fertilizer, plastics; metals, commercial ship repair, commercial aircraft repair, construction. Natural resources: petroleum, natural gas, iron ore, gold, copper. Exports: $184.11 billion (2020 est.): petroleum and petroleum products 90%. Major trading partners (exports): China 20%, India 11%, Japan 11%, South Korea 9%, United States 5% (2019).Imports: $179.8 billion (2020 est.): machinery and equipment, foodstuffs, chemicals, motor vehicles, textiles. Major trading partners (imports): China 18%, United Arab Emirates 12%, United States 9%, Germany 5% (2019).
Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 5,749,058 (2020 est.); mobile cellular: 43,215,439 (2020 est.). Radio broadcast stations: AM 43, FM 31, shortwave 2 (1998). Radios: 6.25 million (1997). Television broadcast stations: 117 (2007). Televisions: 5.1 million (1997). Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 145,941 (2012). Internet users: 34,117,590 (2020).
Transportation: Railways: total: 5,410 km (2016). Highways: total: 221,372 km; paved: 47,529 km; unpaved: 173,843 km (2006). Ports and harbors: Ad Dammam, Al Jubayl, Jeddah, Yanbu al Bahr. Airports: 214 (2021).
International disputes:Saudi Arabia has reinforced its concrete-filled security barrier along sections of the now fully demarcated border with Yemen to stem illegal cross-border activities; Kuwait and Saudi Arabia continue discussions on a maritime boundary with Iran; Saudi Arabia claims Egyptian-administered islands of Tiran and Sanafir.