Eritrea | Facts & Information
- Eritrea Profile
Facts & Figures
President: Isaias Afwerki (1993)
Total area: 46,842 sq mi (121,320 sq km)
Population (2014 est.): 6,380,803 (growth rate: 2.3%); birth rate: 30.69/1000; infant mortality rate: 38.44/1000; life expectancy: 63.51
Capital and largest city (2011 est.): Asmara, 712,000
Other large cities: the ports of Massawa, 30,700; and Assab, 56,300
Monetary unit: Nakfa
Languages: Tigrinya (official), Arabic (official), English (official), Tigre, Kunama, Afar, other Cushitic languages
Ethnicity/race: nine recognized ethnic groups: Tigrinya 55%, Tigre 30%, Saho 4%, Kunama 2%, Rashaida 2%, Bilen 2%, other (Afar, Beni Amir, Nera) 5% (2010 est.)
National Holiday: Independence Day, May 24
Religions: Muslim, Coptic Christian, Roman Catholic, Protestant
Literacy rate: 68.9% (2011 est.)
Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2013 est.): $4.717 billion; per capita $1,200 . Real growth rate: 7%. Inflation: 13%. Unemployment: n.a. Arable land: 5.87%. Agriculture: sorghum, lentils, vegetables, corn, cotton, tobacco, coffee, sisal; livestock, goats; fish. Labor force: 2.955 billion (2012); agriculture 80%, industry and services 20%. Industries: food processing, beverages, clothing and textiles, salt, cement, commercial ship repair. Natural resources: gold, potash, zinc, copper, salt, possibly oil and natural gas, fish. Exports: $496.2 million (2013 est.): livestock, sorghum, textiles, food, small manufactures. Imports: $1.027 billion (2013 est.): machinery, petroleum products, food, manufactured goods. Major trading partners: Australia, France, Malaysia, Italy, Sudan, Saudi Arabia, Jordan, Germany, China, Brazil, U.S., Turkey (2006).
Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 60,000 (2012); mobile cellular: 305,300 (2012). Broadcast media: government controls broadcast media with private ownership prohibited; 1 state-owned TV station; state-owned radio operates 2 networks; purchases of satellite dishes and subscriptions to international broadcast media are permitted (2007). Internet hosts: 701 (2012). Internet users: 200,000 (2008).
Transportation: Railways: total: 306 km (2008). Highways: total: 4,010 km; paved: 874 km; unpaved: 3,136 km (2000 est.). Ports and harbors: Assab, Massawa. Airports: 13 (2013).
International disputes: Eritrea and Ethiopia agreed to abide by 2002 Ethiopia-Eritrea Boundary Commission's (EEBC) delimitation decision, but neither party responded to the revised line detailed in the November 2006 EEBC Demarcation Statement; Sudan accuses Eritrea of supporting eastern Sudanese rebel groups; in 2008 Eritrean troops moved across the border on Ras Doumera peninsula and occupied Doumera Island with undefined sovereignty in the Red Sea.
Here are the facts and trivia that people are buzzing about.