Croatia | Facts & Information

Updated January 10, 2023 | Infoplease Staff

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Facts & Figures

  • Official Name: Republic of Croatia (Republika Hrvatska)

    President: Zoran Milanović (2020)

    Prime Minister: Andrej Plenković (2020)

    Deputy Prime Ministers (2020): Tomo Medved - Croatian Veterans; Davor Božinović - Interior; Oleg Butković - Maritime Affairs, Transport and Infrastructure; Anja Šimpraga - Minister Without Portfolio

    Land area: 21,781 sq mi (56,414 sq km); total area: 21,831 sq mi (56,542 sq km)

    Population (2021): 3,871,833 (2021); growth rate: -3.71%; birth rate: 8.563/1000; infant mortality rate: 3.66/1000; life expectancy: 78.87

    Capital and largest city (2021): Zagreb, 767,131 (2021)

    Other large cities: Split, 176,314; Rijeka, 141,172; Osijek, 88,140

    Monetary unit: Euro (EUR). Replaced Kuna on January 1, 2023.

    National Name: Republika Hrvatska

    Current government officials

    Languages (2021): Croatian (official) 95.25%, Serbian 1.16%, others less than 1% (including Hungarian, Czech, Slovak, and Albanian)

    Ethnicity/race: Croat 91.63%, Serb 3.2%, other 4.4% (including Bosniak, Hungarian, Slovene, Czech, and Roma), unspecified 0.8% (2021)

    National Holiday: Independence Day, October 8

    Religions: Roman Catholic 78.97%, Orthodox 3.32%, Protestantism, 0.26%, Islam 1.32%, other 1.87%, unspecified 3.86%, not religious or atheist 6.39% (2021)

    Literacy rate: 98.8% (2021)

    Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2022 est.): $69.38 billion; per capita $17,318. Real growth rate: 13.1%. Inflation: 12.1%. Unemployment: 6.3% (2022). Arable land: 15.85%. Agriculture: wheat, corn, sugar beets, sunflower seed, barley, alfalfa, clover, olives, citrus, grapes, soybeans, potatoes; livestock, dairy products. Labor force: 1.715 million; agriculture 2.1%, industry 29%, services 69% (2012). Industries: chemicals and plastics, machine tools, fabricated metal, electronics, pig iron and rolled steel products, aluminum, paper, wood products, construction materials, textiles, shipbuilding, petroleum and petroleum refining, food and beverages, tourism. Natural resources: oil, some coal, bauxite, low-grade iron ore, calcium, natural asphalt, silica, mica, clays, salt, hydropower. Exports: $22.77 billion (2021): transport equipment, textiles, chemicals, machinery, foodstuffs, fuels. Imports: $33.80 billion (2021): machinery, transport and electrical equipment; chemicals, fuels and lubricants; foodstuffs. Major trading partners: Germany, Italy, Slovenia, Hungary, Austria (2021).

    Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 1.3 million (2020); mobile cellular: 4.38 million (2020). Broadcast stations: the national state-owned public broadcaster, Croatian Radiotelevision (HRT), operates several radio and television channels. There are two other networks that broadcast national television services, Nova TV and RTL Televizija (RTL). National radio services are produced by HRT and three privately funded broadcasters. (2020) Internet hosts: 729,420 (2012). Internet users: 3.17 million (2020).

    Transportation: Railways: total: 2,617 km (2020). Roadways: total: 26,867 km; (2020). Waterways: 1,017 km (2015). Ports and harbors: Omisalj, Ploce, Rijeka, Sibenik, Vukovar (on Danube). Airports: 24 (2020).

    Major sources and definitions