, Croatian Hrvatska, officially Republic of Croatia,
republic (2020 est. pop. 4,105,267), 21,824 sq mi (56,524 sq km), in the
northwest corner of the Balkan Peninsula. Roughly crescent-shaped, Croatia
is bounded by Slovenia in the northwest, by Hungary in the northeast, by
Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina (enwrapped in the north and south arms of
Croatia, giving it its distintive shape), and Montenegro in the east, and by
the Adriatic Sea in the west. Zagreb is the capital. There are
important seaports at Rijeka, Split, Pula, Zadar, Šibenik, and Dubrovnik.
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