Croatia Map: Regions, Geography, Facts & Figures

Croatia is a beautiful country located in the Balkans region of Europe. It is known for its stunning coastline along the Adriatic Sea, historic cities, and national parks. Croatia is a popular tourist destination for travelers from all over the world and has been a part of the European Union since 2013, and switched from the Croatian kuna to the euro in January 2023. So, let Infoplease be your travel guide for the landscapes, major cities, and fantastic attractions of Croatia.

If you want to discover more in-depth information on Croatia as a country, check out our Croatia Profile!

Plus, test your knowledge with our European geography quiz, Can You Name These European Castles?

History of Croatia

Croatia's history is incredibly diverse, with a rich tapestry of events and influences that have shaped the country into what it is today. The country's independence from the former Yugoslavia in 1991 marked a turning point in its history, bringing with it a renewed sense of national pride and a desire to showcase Croatia's unique cultural heritage to the world.

Throughout the Middle Ages, the city of Dubrovnik flourished as an important center of trade and culture. The city's stunning architecture and vibrant marketplace drew merchants and travelers from all over the world, making it a hub of activity and innovation. Today, visitors can explore the city's historic walls and fortresses, which still bear the scars of countless battles and sieges.

Meanwhile, the city of Split is home to one of Croatia's most famous landmarks — Diocletian's Palace. Built by the Roman Emperor Diocletian in the 4th century A.D., this sprawling complex of temples, courtyards, and living quarters served as the heart of Split's political and cultural life for centuries. Today, the palace is a popular tourist destination, with visitors flocking to admire its impressive architecture and learn about its rich history.

Geography of Croatia

On the map of Europe, Croatia is bordered by Slovenia to the north, Hungary to the northeast, Serbia to the east, Bosnia and Herzegovina to the southeast, and Montenegro to the south. The capital city is Zagreb, which is located in the northern central part of the country. The coastline along the Adriatic Sea is dotted with beautiful cities such as Zadar, Sibenik, Hvar, and Korcula, easily explored with city maps. And on a region map of Croatia, the Dalmatian area is known for its stunning beaches and crystal-clear waters. The Plitvice Lakes National Park and Krka National Park are two of the most popular tourist attractions in Croatia.

Tourist Attractions in Croatia

Croatia has many tourist attractions to offer visitors. Aside from its beaches, Croatia has a rich history and culture that is worth exploring. You can visit the ancient Roman ruins in Pula, the medieval walled city of Zagreb, or the beautiful Plitvice Lakes National Park, just to name a few of the many cultural and historical attractions. If you are a foodie, you will definitely enjoy trying out traditional Croatian dishes such as cevapi, pasticada, and black risotto. Other attractions include the following:

  • Dubrovnik is a beautiful walled city on the Adriatic Sea. It is known for its stunning architecture and rich history. Visitors can walk along the city walls and explore the Old Town, which is a UNESCO World Heritage site.
  • Split is home to the famous Diocletian's Palace, which was built in the 4th century AD. Visitors can explore the palace and the surrounding Old Town, which is home to many historic buildings and monuments.
  • The Krka National Park is known for its waterfalls and beautiful scenery. Visitors can swim in the river and explore the surrounding forest.
  • Hvar is a beautiful island located off the coast of Croatia. It is known for its stunning beaches, crystal-clear waters, and vibrant nightlife.
  • Istria is a region in northern Croatia known for its beautiful coastline, historic cities, and delicious cuisine. Visitors can explore the charming towns and villages, taste the local wine, and enjoy the beautiful beaches.
  • Sibenik is a historic city located on the Adriatic Sea. It is home to the beautiful St. James Cathedral, which is a UNESCO World Heritage site. Visitors can explore the Old Town and enjoy the local cuisine.
  • Rijeka is a port city located on the northern coast of Croatia. It is known for its rich cultural heritage, beautiful architecture, and vibrant nightlife.
  • Osijek is a city in eastern Croatia. It is known for its beautiful architecture, museums, and cultural events. Visitors can explore the Old Town, visit the museums, and enjoy the local cuisine.
  • Vukovar is known for its rich history, beautiful architecture, and cultural events. Visitors can explore the Old Town, visit the museums, and enjoy the local cuisine.
  • Knin is a small town located in central Dalmatia. It is known for its beautiful scenery, historic fortress, and cultural events. Visitors can explore the fortress, enjoy the local cuisine, and take in the beautiful views.
  • The Sava River is the longest river that flows through Croatia. It is a major tributary of the Danube River and forms part of Croatia's border with Bosnia and Herzegovina. The river is an important source of water for the region and is used for irrigation and hydroelectric power.
Adriatic Sea Dubrovnik landscape
Image Source: Getty Images

People Also Ask…

If you're inspecting the map of Croatia or are planning to visit Croatia, you may have some queries about the region. Here are some of the most frequently asked questions, along with their answers.

What Country Did Croatia Belong To?

Croatia was once part of Yugoslavia, a country located in Southeast Europe. After the fall of communism and the breakup of Yugoslavia, Croatia gained independence in 1991.

What Was Croatia Previously Called?

Croatia was originally the Kingdom of the Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes until 1929. Next, it was called the Socialist Republic of Croatia and was part of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. Finally, after gaining independence in 1991, it became the Republic of Croatia.

Why Is Croatia Famous?

Croatia is renowned for its stunning coastline and beaches along the Adriatic Sea. It is also famous for its rich history and culture, which is worth exploring, and for a variety of succulent national dishes.

Where Is Croatia in Europe on World Map?

Croatia is located in southeastern Europe, bordering Slovenia to the northwest, Hungary to the northeast, Serbia to the east, Bosnia and Herzegovina to the southeast, Montenegro to the south and the Adriatic Sea to the west. It is situated on the Balkan Peninsula and is roughly crescent-shaped, with a narrow strip of land running along the coast.