Nepal Map: Regions, Geography, Facts & Figures

Nepal, a small landlocked country in Southern Asia, is known for its diverse geography, rich culture, and natural wonders. Bordered by India and China, Nepal is a unique destination that offers visitors a wide range of experiences. From trekking in the Himalayas to exploring ancient temples and palaces, Nepal has something to offer everyone.

If you want to discover more in-depth information on Nepal as a country, check out our Nepal Profile!

Plus, test your country knowledge with our Nepal geography quiz on Climbing Mount Everest!

History of Nepal

Nepal has a rich history that dates back to ancient times. The country was a Hindu kingdom until it was declared a secular state in 2008. Nepal has been a crossroads for different cultures and religions, including Hinduism and Buddhism. Lumbini, the birthplace of Buddha, is located in Nepal, and it is a popular pilgrimage site for Buddhists from all over the world. Nepalese culture is diverse and rich, with music, dance, and festivals playing an essential role in daily life. Nepali is the official language of Nepal.

Geography of Nepal

Nepal covers an area of 147,181 square kilometers and its political map is divided into seven administrative divisions, including Bagmati, Karnali, and Gandaki. The major cities in Nepal are Kathmandu, Pokhara, Biratnagar, and Lalitpur.

The Kathmandu Valley, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, includes the cities of Kathmandu, Patan, and Bhaktapur, and is known for its ancient temples and palaces. Nepal is home to the Himalayan mountain range, which includes the highest peak in the world, Mount Everest, and several other peaks that are popular destinations for trekking and climbing enthusiasts.

On a map of Asia, Nepal shares its borders with India to the south and China to the north. It is also located near Bangladesh, Bhutan, Pakistan, and Tibet Autonomous Region.

Tourist Attractions in Nepal

Nepal is a popular destination for tourists from all over the world. Hiking and climbing in the Himalayas is a popular activity, and it offers visitors a once-in-a-lifetime chance to experience the stunning natural beauty of the mountains.

The Kathmandu Valley is home to several ancient temples and palaces, including the Pashupatinath Temple and the Bhaktapur Durbar Square. These temples and palaces are known for their intricate architecture and stunning artwork. The country also offers a range of adventure activities such as bungee jumping, white-water rafting, and paragliding.

The Himalayan Mountain Range

The Himalayan mountain range is one of Nepal's most famous natural wonders. It includes the highest peak in the world, Mount Everest, which is a popular destination for experienced climbers. The range contains more than one hundred peaks that exceed 23,600 feet (7,200 meters) above sea level. Nepal has eight of the 14 highest mountains in the world, making it a popular destination for climbers and trekkers from all over the world.

Apart from Mount Everest, other important peaks include Lhotse (the fourth highest mountain in the world), Makalu (the fifth highest), and Cho Oyu (the sixth highest). The range is also a significant source of freshwater, providing water to millions of people in South Asia.

Nepalese Natural Wonders

Apart from the Himalayas, Nepal is known for its natural wonders, including several national parks. The Annapurna Conservation Area is known for its diverse wildlife and stunning natural beauty for any visitors to the area. Nepal is also home to several endangered species, including tigers, elephants, and rhinoceroses. The Chitwan National Park is a famous national park in Nepal, known for its rich wildlife.

Traveling in Nepal and Asia

If you plan to visit Nepal, it's essential to have a good map to navigate your way around the country. On Infoplease, you can find a country map of Nepal, a world map, and other country maps of South Asia, including India, Bhutan, Pakistan, and the Tibet Autonomous Region. The West Bengal state of India and the Sikkim region in India are other neighboring places to explore while in Nepal.

Woman looking at view on Himalayas
Image Source: Getty Images

People Also Ask…

If you're inspecting maps of Nepal, you may have some queries about the region. Here are some of the most frequently asked questions, along with their answers.

Is Nepal Part of India or China?

Nepal is a sovereign country located in South Asia, sandwiched between India and China. It is not a part of either India or China.

What Country Does Nepal Belong To?

Nepal is a separate country located in Southern Asia, bordered by India to the south and China to the north. It is not a part of India or China, but it is situated between the two countries and has a unique Nepalese culture, geography, and history all of its own.

Is Nepal Under India or Not?

Nepal is an independent and sovereign country, and though it borders several major countries such as India and China, the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal is not under India or any other country's control.

What Is the Old Name of Nepal?

The nation was known as the Kingdom of Nepal before it became a federal democratic republic in 2008. The term "Nepal" itself is derived from the Newar language, which refers to the Kathmandu Valley as "Nepa." The Kingdom of Nepal was ruled by the Shah dynasty from 1768 until 2008.