Facts & Figures
President: Gjorge Ivanov (2009)
Prime Minister: Emil Dimitriev (Interim, 2016)
Land area: 9,928 sq mi (25,173 sq km); total area: 9,781 sq mi (25,333 sq km)
Population (2014 est.): 2,091,719 (growth rate: 0.21%); birth rate: 11.64/1000; infant mortality rate: 7.9/1000; life expectancy: 75.8
Capital and largest city (2011 est.): Skopje, 499,000
Monetary unit: Denar
National Name: Republika Makedonija
Languages: Macedonian (official) 66.5%, Albanian (official) 25.1%, Turkish 3.5%, Roma 1.9%, Serbian 1.2%, other 1.8% (2002 census)
Ethnicity/race: Macedonian 64.2%, Albanian 25.2%, Turkish 3.9%, Roma (Gypsy) 2.7%, Serb 1.8%, other 2.2% (2002 census)
Religions: Macedonian Orthodox 64.7%, Muslim 33.3%, other Christian 0.37%, other and unspecified 1.63% (2002 census)
National Holiday: Ilinden Uprising Day, August 2
Literacy rate: 97.4% (2010 est.)
Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2013 est.): $22.57 billion; per capita $10,800. Real growth rate: 3.1%. Inflation: 3.3%. Unemployment: 28.6%. Arable land: 16.1%. Agriculture: grapes, wine, tobacco, vegetables; milk, eggs. Labor force: 960,700 (2013 est.); agriculture 18.8%, industry 27.5%., services 53.7%. Industries: food processing, beverages, textiles, chemicals, steel, cement, energy, pharmaceuticals. Natural resources: low-grade iron ore, copper, lead, zinc, chromite, manganese, nickel, tungsten, gold, silver, asbestos, gypsum, timber, arable land. Exports: $4.267 billion (2013 est.): food, beverages, tobacco; miscellaneous manufactures, iron and steel; automotive parts. Imports: $6.6 billion (2013 est.): machinery and equipment, automobiles, chemicals, fuels, food products. Major trading partners: Germany, Italy, Greece, Bulgaria, Italy, Turkey, U.K., Serbia, China, Kosovo (2011).
Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 407,900 (2012); mobile cellular: 2.235 million (2012). Broadcast media: public TV broadcaster operates 3 national channels and a satellite network; 5 privately-owned TV channels broadcast nationally using terrestrial transmitters and about 15 broadcast on national level via satellite; roughly 75 local commercial TV stations; large number of cable operators offering domestic and international programming; public radio broadcaster operates over multiple stations; 3 privately-owned radio stations broadcast nationally; about 70 local commercial radio stations (2012). Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 62,826 (2012). Internet users: 1.057 million (2009).
Transportation: Railways: total: 699 km (2002). Roadways: total: 14,038 km (including 259 km of expressways); (2012 est.). Waterways: none, lake transport only. Ports and terminals: none. Airports: 10 (2013).
International disputes: Kosovo and Macedonia completed demarcation of their boundary in September 2008; Greece continues to reject the use of the name Macedonia or Republic of Macedonia.