Facts & Figures
President: Abdulla Yameen (2013)
Total area: 116 sq mi (300 sq km)
Population (2014 est.): 393,595 (growth rate: –0.09%); birth rate: 15.59/1000; infant mortality rate: 24.59/1000; life expectancy: 75.15
Capital and largest city (2011 est.): Malé, 132,000
Monetary unit: Rufiya
National name: Dhivehi Raajjeyge Jumhooriyyaa
Languages: Maldivian Dhivehi (official); English spoken by most government officials
Ethnicity/race: South Indians, Sinhalese, Arabs
Religion: Islam (Sunni)
National Holiday: Independence Day, July 26
Literacy rate: 98.4% (2006 est.)
Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2013 est.): $3.073 billion; per capita $9,100. Real growth rate: 3.5%. Inflation: 5.1%. Unemployment: 28% (2012 est.). Arable land: 10%. Agriculture: coconuts, corn, sweet potatoes; fish. Labor force: 159,700 (2012); agriculture 15%, industry 15%, services 70% (2010). Industries: tourism, fish processing, shipping, boat building, coconut processing, garments, woven mats, rope, handicrafts, coral and sand mining. Natural resource: fish. Exports: $283 million (2012 est.). Imports: $1.406 billion (2012 est.) Major trading partners: Thailand, Sri Lanka, France, UK, US, Singapore, UAE, India, Malaysia, China, Germany, Italy (2012).
Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 23,140 (2012); mobile cellular: 560,000 (2012). Broadcast media: state-owned radio and TV monopoly until recently; state-owned TV operates 2 channels; 3 privately owned TV stations; state owns Voice of Maldives and operates both an entertainment and a music-based station; 5 privately owned radio stations (2012). Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 3,296 (2012). Internet users: 86,400 (2009).
Transportation: Railways: 0 km. Highways: total: 88 km. Ports and harbors: Malé. Airports: 9 (2013).
International disputes: none.