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Maldives

Facts & Figures

Map of Maldives
  • President: Abdulla Yameen (2013)

    Total area: 116 sq mi (300 sq km)

    Population (2014 est.): 393,595 (growth rate: –0.09%); birth rate: 15.59/1000; infant mortality rate: 24.59/1000; life expectancy: 75.15

    Capital and largest city (2011 est.): Malé, 132,000

    Monetary unit: Rufiya

    National name: Dhivehi Raajjeyge Jumhooriyyaa

    Current government officials

    Languages: Maldivian Dhivehi (official); English spoken by most government officials

    Ethnicity/race: South Indians, Sinhalese, Arabs

    Religion: Islam (Sunni)

    National Holiday: Independence Day, July 26

    Literacy rate: 98.4% (2006 est.)

    Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2013 est.): $3.073 billion; per capita $9,100. Real growth rate: 3.5%. Inflation: 5.1%. Unemployment: 28% (2012 est.). Arable land: 10%. Agriculture: coconuts, corn, sweet potatoes; fish. Labor force: 159,700 (2012); agriculture 15%, industry 15%, services 70% (2010). Industries: tourism, fish processing, shipping, boat building, coconut processing, garments, woven mats, rope, handicrafts, coral and sand mining. Natural resource: fish. Exports: $283 million (2012 est.). Imports: $1.406 billion (2012 est.) Major trading partners: Thailand, Sri Lanka, France, UK, US, Singapore, UAE, India, Malaysia, China, Germany, Italy (2012).

    Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 23,140 (2012); mobile cellular: 560,000 (2012). Broadcast media: state-owned radio and TV monopoly until recently; state-owned TV operates 2 channels; 3 privately owned TV stations; state owns Voice of Maldives and operates both an entertainment and a music-based station; 5 privately owned radio stations (2012). Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 3,296 (2012). Internet users: 86,400 (2009).

    Transportation: Railways: 0 km. Highways: total: 88 km. Ports and harbors: Malé. Airports: 9 (2013).

    International disputes: none.

    Major sources and definitions

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