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Immigrants Admitted as Permanent Residents Under Refugee Acts, by Country of Birth, 1971–1998

Covers immigrants who were allowed to enter the United States under 1953 Refugee Relief Act and later acts; Hungarian parolees under July 1958 act; refugee-escapee parolees under July 1960 act; conditional entries by refugees under Oct. 1965 act; Cuban parolees under Nov. 1966 act; beginning 1978, Indochina refugees under Oct. 1977 act; beginning 1980, refugee-parolees under the Oct. 1978 act, and asylees under the March 1980 act; and beginning 1981, refugees under the March 1980 act.

Country
of birth
1971–80,
total
1981–90,
total
1991–96,
total
1998
Total539,4471,013,620748,12254,645
Europe171,858155,512312,81519,048
Czecho-
slovakia,
former
3,6468,2041,20115
Hungary4,3584,9421,23114
Poland5,88233,8897,21054
Romania6,81229,79815,139116
Soviet Union,
former2
31,30972,306264,18713,200
Armenian.a.n.a.1,5464158
Azerbaijann.a.n.a.10,0494196
Belarusn.a.n.a.19,5454557
Georgian.a.n.a.1,8344100
Kazakhstann.a.n.a.2,8234152
Moldovan.a.n.a.9,3004272
Russian.a.n.a.44,36742,225
Tajikistann.a.n.a.2,191424
Ukrainen.a.n.a.81,26343,641
Uzbekistann.a.n.a.14,6384292
Yugoslavia11,29732413,27145,312
Asia1210,683712,092286,12511,743
Afghanistan54222,9469,065137
Cambodia7,739114,0646,08862
China313,7607,9285,079898
Indian.a.n.a.1,125373
Iran36446,77320,126754
Iraq6,8517,54014,464999
Laos21,690142,96433,7011,110
Thailand1,24130,25919,3231,134
Vietnam150,266324,453169,5604,921
North America1252,633121,840111,74416,372
Cuba251,514113,36776,37014,915
El Salvador451,3833,623129
Haitin.a.n.a.7,309537
Nicaragua365,59021,252316
South America11,2441,9763,025712
Perun.a.n.a.1,285338
Africa12,99122,14934,2244,225
Ethiopia1,30718,54215,849507
Liberian.a.n.a.2,712225
Somalian.a.n.a.7,8642,270
Sudann.a.n.a.3,422287
Other38511892,545
n.a. = not available.
1. Includes other countries, not shown separately.
2. Includes other republics and unknown republics, not shown separately.
3. Includes Taiwan.
4. Covers the years 1992–1996.
Source: U.S. Immigration and Naturalization Service, Statistical Yearbook, annual, and releases.

Countries of Birth of the Foreign-Born Population, 1850–2000ImmigrationHighly Skilled Migrant Workers in the U.S.