by Laura Hayes
The awakening of Man, the Elves' struggle against Morgoth, and the love of Beren and Lthien. These tales are to be found in The Silmarillion and in the History of Middle-earth series.
|Lamps / Trees||First||Second||Third||War of the Ring|
First Age of the Sun
The Sun rises in the West.
The Host of Fingolfin arrive on the shores of Middle-earth.
The race of man awakens.
Fingolfin's son Fingon rescues Maedhros. Fingolfin is named high king of the Noldor.
Fingolfin holds the Feast of Reuniting. Emissaries from all the elves in Beleriand attend.
Turgon, son of Fingolfin, and his cousin, Finrod, are warned in dreams from Ulmo to look for places of strength and refuge. Finrod begins construction of Nargothrond. His sister Galadriel stays in Doriath with Melian. Turgon discovers the vale of Tumladen, and begins drafting plans for the hidden city of Gondolin.
Siege of Angband
Morgoth provokes the Dagor Agalareb ("The Glorious Battle"). The elves completely route his army of orcs and maintain a siege outside his fortress at Angband for nearly 400 years.
The truth of the Kinslaying and the Noldor's exile are revealed in Thingol's court. Thingol banishes the sons of Fanor from his kingdom (Doriath).
Morgoth learns of the awakening of men. He gives his servant Sauron (one of the Maiar) command of the war and begins to create dragons.
The city of Gondolin completed.
Fingon and a company of mounted archers defeat Glaurung, first of the fire dragons to appear, on the plains of Ard-galen.
The Long Peace
The Long Peace
Bor, eldest of the Fathers of Men, is born.
Finrod Felagund discovers the camp of Bor in Ossiriand. Through this, the Elves become aware of humans. Bor enters into the service of Finrod.
The migration of the Edain to elven lands.
Aredhel, Turgon's sister, leaves Gondolin and is lost in Nan Elmoth. She is found by El the dark elf, who married her. Their son, Maeglin, is born in 320.
Bor the Old, Father of Men, dies of old age.
Hador Golden-haired born, most renowned of the Edain.
Galdor son of Hador born in Dor-lomin.
Fingolfin grants Hador the lordship of Dor-lomin.
Beren, son of Barahir of the House of Bor, is born in Dorthonion.
Hrin the Steadfast, son of Galdor son of Hador, born.
Morwen Eledhwen, daughter of Baragund of the House of Bor, born.
Huor brother of Hrin of the House of Hador born.
Ran daughter of Belegund of the House of Bor, mother of Tuor the Blessed, born.
The Fell Year
The Dagor Bragolach ("Battle of Sudden Flame"). Elves and men are driven back from Angband with grevious losses. Hador dies at Ethel Sirion. The sons of Fanor are defeated at the Pass of Aglon. The pact of Barahir and Felagund made. The folk of Dorthonion, among them Ran and Morwen, flee to Hithlum. Barahir and his surviving men become outlaws in their own land.
Fingolfin challenges Morgoth to single combat. Fingolfin wounds Morgoth 7 times before he himself is killed. Fingolfin's body is rescued by Thorondor, king of the giant eagles, who scars Morgoth's face with his talons. Fingon son of Fingolfin becomes high king of the Noldor. Hrin and Huor are taken by eagles to Gondolin, where they entered into the fosterage of Turgon.
Hrin and Huor are returned by the eagles to their people. Sauron captures Minas Tirith, the watchtower of Finrod. From then on it is known as Tol-in-Gaurhoth, the Isle of Werewolves.
The Men of Brethil, aided by Beleg Strongbow and elves of Doriath, defeat a legion of orcs at the Crossings of Teglin.
Hrin of the House of Hador weds Morwen of the House of Bor. Trin, their son, is born in Dor-lomin with omens of sorrow. Beren leaves Dorthonion and travels to Doriath. He meets Lthien Tinviel in the forest of Neldoreth and they fall in love.
The romance and quests of Beren and Lthien, told in the "Lay of Leithian," begin.
Beren fulfills the command of Thingol and with the aid of Lthien manages to steal a Silmaril from the crown of Morgoth. At the gates of Angband, Carcharoth, the greatest of the werewolves, bites off the hand of Beren that holds the Silmaril. Beren and Lthien return to Doriath. Carcharoth, driven mad by the pain of the Silmaril in his gut, ravages Doriath. He is killed by Huan, the great hound of Valinor, though both Huan and Beren are mortally wounded.
Lthien lays her body down and sends her spirit forth from Middle-earth to the Halls of the Dead in Aman. She sings a song of such sorrow and beauty that Mandos is moved to pity and grants her and Beren a second mortal life. Meanwhile a terrible winter falls upon the kingdom of Thingol.
Beren and Lthien return to the world. They go to Doriath, where Lthien ends the winter of Thingol, then settle on the island of Tol Galen.
Dior Aranel, son of Beren and Lthien and father of Elwing Half-elven, is born in Tol Galen.
Huor weds Ran daughter of Belegund.
The Year of Lamentation. Elves and humans are utterly routed in the Nirnaeth Aronediad ("Battle of Unnumbered Tears"). Fingon, king of the Noldor, is killed in battle. The House of Hador is destroyed and Hrin Steadfast is taken captive by Morgoth. Only the army of Gondolin escapes intact. Turgon becomes high king of the Noldor.
Nienor daughter of Hrin born.
Celeborn and Galadriel cross the Ered Luin and settle in Eriador.
Trin becomes the companion of the elf Beleg Strongbow but Trin is exiled from Doriath and becomes an outlaw. Beleg finds Trin, but they are betrayed by the dwarf Mim and Trin is captured by orcs. Beleg frees Trin, but Trin mistakes him for an orc and slays him. Trin goes to Nargothrond and in time he becomes its warlord.
Tuor son of Huor comes to Dor-lomin seeking his kin, but instead is captured and enslaved by Easterlings, men corrupted by the evil of Morgoth.
Lorgan, chieftain of the Easterlings of Hithlum, attempts to size Nienor by force. Morwen and Nienor flee to Doriath.
Tuor escapes from Hithlum. He is visited by Ulmo, Lord of Waters, and sent with Voronw an elf, to seek the hidden city of Gondolin. Dire warnings reach Nargothrond of evil forces gathering. Glaurung the dragon and his host assault Nargothrond and the city is sacked. Tuor and Voronw finally reach Gondolin during the "Fell Winter" which lasts five months. Handir of Brethil is slain in a pitched battle with orcs.
Trin travels to Brethil, seeking news of his kin and joins forces with its people. Meanwhile, Morwen and Nienor travel to Nargothrond seeking news of Trin. Glaurung attacks them, and Morwen is lost in the wild. Glaurung lays a spell of forgetfulness on both Nienor and Trin. Trin, now calling himself Turambar, finds Nienor and names her Nniel.
Dior, son of Beren and Lthien, weds Nimloth of Ossiriand.
"Turambar" and "Nniel" marry in autumn. Glaurung learns that Trin is in Brethil.
Glaurung assaults Brethil. Trin slays Glaurung, but as the dragon dies his spells are lifted. When Trin and Nienor realize what they've done they kill themselves. Standing stones, the Talbor, are raised to mark their graves.
The twin sons of Dior, Elurd and Elurn, are born. Morgoth releases Hrin, who goes to Hithlum. Hrin seeks in vain the entrance to Gondolin, betraying its general location to Morgoth. He journeys to Nargothrond, and claims the Nauglamir?a bejewelled golden necklace made for Finrod by the dwarves?from the treasure of Glaurung. He brings the necklace to Thingol, then leaves, never to be seen again.
Tuor weds Idril, daughter of Turgon, in Gondolin. This is the second of only three human-elf marriages in Middle-earth's history.
Thingol gives the dwarves Nauglamir to rework and mount the Silmaril upon. When Thingol goes to fetch the completed necklace he is slain. The dwarves of Belegost and Nogrod invade Doriath. Thingol's wife Melian escapes and leaves Middle-earth. Dior goes to Doriath to recover Thingol's kingdom. Beren leaves Tol Galen to help battle the dwarves.
Dior restores the kingdom of Doriath. Beren and Lthien die and Dior receives the Silmaril.
The sons of Fanor demand the Silmaril from Dior, who doesn't reply.
The Second Kinslaying. The sons of Fanor assault Doriath and kill Dior and his wife Nimloth. Dior's daughter Elwing flees west with the Silmaril to Arvernien. In Arvernien, Crdan the Shipwright established a port on the mouth of the Sirion River, which became known as the "Havens of Sirion".
Ulmo gives a final warning to Gondolin, but Turgon is confident his city will remain hidden from Morgoth. Morgoth's spies capture Maeglin.
Morgoth's forces assault and sack Gondolin. The kingship of the Noldor passes to Gil-galad, son of Fingon, on the Isle of Balar.
Refugees of Gondolin reach the Havens of Sirion, which prospers with the power of the Silmaril. The Sons of Fanor learn that the Silmaril is in Arvernien.
Tuor departs into the west with Idril. Erendil weds Elwing and becomes lord of Arvernien.
Torment falls upon Maedhros and his brethren because of their unfulfilled oath to recover the Silmarils.
Elros and Elrond, twin sons of Erendil, are born.
Erendil builds the great ship Vingilot and begins his legendary voyages.
The Third and Last Kinslaying. The Sons of Fanor attack Arvernien and take Elros and Elrond captive. Elwing carries away the Silmaril and comes to Erendil in the likeness of a bird.
| 545-87 / |
War of Wrath
The Last War of the Elder Days, also called Great Battle and the War of Wrath.
Maedhros and Maglor, the last surviving sons of Fanor, seize the last two Silmarils. Tainted by the evil deeds of their family, the Silmarils burn their hands. Maedhros, horrified by the violence he has committed, leaps with his gem into a fiery chasm, while Maglor tosses his into the sea and wanders alone along the shore until he dies of grief.
As a reward for their great sacrifice in defeating Morgoth, the Elves are summoned to return to Aman while the Edain are given the island of Nmenor. The Edain set sail, following Erendil the Evening Star.
|Next: The Second Age and the forging of the Rings of Power|