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Zhou Enlai

(Encyclopedia) Zhou Enlai or Chou En-laiZhou Enlaiboth: jō ĕn-lī [key], 1898–1976, Chinese Communist leader. A member of a noted Mandarin family, he was educated at an American-supported school in…

Deng Xiaoping

(Encyclopedia) Deng Xiaoping or Teng Hsiao-p'ingDeng Xiaopingboth: dŭngˈ shouˈpĭngˈ [key], 1904–97, Chinese revolutionary and government leader, b. Sichuan prov. Deng became a member of the Chinese…

Huangpu, city, China

(Encyclopedia) HuangpuHuangpuhwängˈp&oomacr;ˈ [key] or WhampoaHuangpuhwämˈpōˈäˈ [key], city, S Guangdong prov., SE China, on an island in the Pearl River. It is c.9 mi (14.5 km) SE of Guangzhou,…

Pinyin

(Encyclopedia) PinyinPinyinpĭnˈyĭnˈ [key] [Chin. Hanyu pinyin = Chinese phonetic alphabet], system of romanization of Chinese written characters, approved in 1958 by the government of the People's…

Gang of Four

(Encyclopedia) Gang of Four, term of opprobrium given by the Chinese Communist authorities to four persons held responsible for the excesses of the Cultural Revolution (1966–69). They were also…

Yan'an

(Encyclopedia) Yan'an or YenanYan'anboth: yĕn-än [key], city (1991 pop. 115,900), N Shaanxi prov., China, on the Yen River. Now a market and tourist center, it is famed as the terminus of the long…

China's Dynasties

One of (or some of) the world's oldest civilizations China is one of the oldest continuous civilizations in the world and throughout much of their history, the country’s leadership has been claimed…

Hua Guofeng

(Encyclopedia) Hua Guofeng or Hua Kuo-fengHua Guofengboth: hwä gwôfŭng [key], 1920–2008, Chinese Communist leader. He was relatively unknown until he became minister of public security and deputy…

Bishop, Elizabeth

(Encyclopedia) Bishop, Elizabeth, 1911–79, American poet, b. Worcester, Mass., grad. Vassar, 1934. During the 1950s and 60s she lived in Brazil, eventually returning to her native New England, where…