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Zhou Enlai

(Encyclopedia) Zhou Enlai or Chou En-lai both: jō ĕn-lī [key], 1898–1976, Chinese Communist leader. A member of a noted Mandarin family, he was educated at an American-supported school in China a...

Chou En-lai

(Encyclopedia) Chou En-lai: see Zhou Enlai .

Chen Yi

(Encyclopedia) Chen Yi chŭn yē [key], 1901–72, Chinese Communist general and statesman. Chen was a political instructor (1925) in the Kuomintang Whampoa Military Academy. After the Kuomintang-Comm...

Huangpu

(Encyclopedia) Huangpu hwäng´po͞o´ [key] or Whampoa hwäm´pō´ä´ [key], city, S Guangdong prov., SE China, on an island in the Pearl River. It is c.9 mi (14.5 km) SE of Guangzhou, of which it...

Deng Xiaoping

(Encyclopedia) Deng Xiaoping or Teng Hsiao-p'ing both: dŭng´ shou´pĭng´ [key], 1904–97, Chinese revolutionary and government leader, b. Sichuan prov. Deng became a member of the Chinese Communi...

Gang of Four

(Encyclopedia) Gang of Four, term of opprobrium given by the Chinese Communist authorities to four persons held responsible for the excesses of the Cultural Revolution (1966–69). They were also accus...

Pinyin

(Encyclopedia) Pinyin pĭn´yĭn´ [key] [Chin. Hanyu pinyin  = Chinese phonetic alphabet], system of romanization of Chinese written characters, approved in 1958 by the government of the People's ...

Hua Guofeng

(Encyclopedia) Hua Guofeng or Hua Kuo-feng both: hwä gwôfŭng [key], 1920–2008, Chinese Communist leader. He was relatively unknown until he became minister of public security and deputy premier i...

Yan'an

(Encyclopedia) Yan'an or Yenan both: yĕn-än [key], city (1991 pop. 115,900), N Shaanxi prov., China, on the Yen River. Now a market and tourist center, it is famed as the terminus of the long m...

Zhao Ziyang

(Encyclopedia) Zhao Ziyang or Chao Tzu-yang both: zhou zēyäng [key], 1919–2005, Chinese Communist leader. He joined the party in 1938, was active as a local party leader during World War II, and b...