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Mazovia

(Encyclopedia) Mazovia mz´v or Masoviams´– Pol. Mazowsze, historic region, central Poland. At the death (1138) of Boleslaus III, Mazovia became an independent duchy under the Piast dynasty. It…

Khoy

(Encyclopedia) Khoy,&sp;Khoiboth: kh´ or Khvoykhv´, city (1991 pop. 137,885), West Azerbaijan prov., NW Iran. It is the trade center for a fertile, irrigated farm region that produces grain,…

Petlyura, Simon

(Encyclopedia) Petlyura, Simon smyn´ pytlyoo´r, 1879–1926, Ukrainian nationalist politician. In Jan., 1919, he became leader of the independent Ukrainian republic that emerged after the collapse…

kray

(Encyclopedia) kray kr [Rus.,=edge], administrative and territorial unit of Russia. There are nine krays, or territories, within Russia. They are: Altai Territory, Kamchatka Territory, Khabarovsk…

Imeritia

(Encyclopedia) Imeritia mrsh´, geographic and historic region, Georgia, in the upper Rion River basin. Kutaisi (the historic capital) and Chiatura are the main cities. Imeritia is an agricultural…

Trans-Siberian Railroad

(Encyclopedia) Trans-Siberian Railroad, rail line, linking European Russia with the Pacific coast. Its construction began in 1891, on the initiative of Count S. Y. Witte, and was completed in 1905.…

Khotin

(Encyclopedia) Khotin khtyn´, city, SW Ukraine, on the Dniester River. It lies in Bessarabia in an agricultural district and has agricultural and food-processing industries. Located on the site of…

Donets Basin

(Encyclopedia) Donets Basindnyts´, abbreviated as Donbasdnbäs´, industrial region (c.10,000 sq mi/25,900 sq km), E Ukraine and SW European Russia, N of the Sea of Azov and W of the Donets River.…

war debts

(Encyclopedia) war debts. This article discusses the obligations incurred by foreign governments for loans made to them by the United States during and shortly after World War I. For international…

Kazakhstan Department of State Background

U.S. Department of State Background Note Kazakhstan Index: People and History Government and Political Conditions Economy Foreign Relations PEOPLE AND HISTORY The majority of Kazakhstanis…