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French language

(Encyclopedia) French language, member of the Romance group of the Italic subfamily of the Indo-European family of languages (see Romance languages). It is spoken as a first language by more than 70…

Sherbrooke, University of

(Encyclopedia) Sherbrooke, University of, at Sherbrooke, Que., Canada; French language; founded 1954. It has faculties of letters and human sciences, science, administration, law, applied science,…

Montreal, University of

(Encyclopedia) Montreal, University of, at Montreal, Que., Canada; French language; established 1876 as a branch of Laval Univ. It became an autonomous university in 1919. It has faculties of arts…

Littré, Maximilien Paul Émile

(Encyclopedia) Littré, Maximilien Paul Émile mäksmlyN´ pl ml´ ltr´, 1801–81, French lexicographer. Known as a positivist philosopher and as professor of history and geography at the École…

Moncton, University of

(Encyclopedia) Moncton, University of, at Moncton, N.B., Canada; French language; founded 1864 as St. Joseph's Univ. Its name was changed in 1963. It has faculties of arts, sciences and…

Quebec, University of

(Encyclopedia) Quebec, University of, administrative center at Sainte Foy, Que., Canada; provincially supported; French language; founded 1968. Its largest campus is at Montreal and there are also…

Laval University

(Encyclopedia) Laval University, at Quebec, Que., Canada; Roman Catholic, coeducational, French language; chartered 1852, an outgrowth of a seminary established 1663 by Bishop Laval. In 1876 a branch…

Bernardin de Saint-Pierre, Jacques Henri

(Encyclopedia) Bernardin de Saint-Pierre, Jacques Henri zhäk äNr´ brnärdN´ d sN–pyr´, 1737–1814, French naturalist and author. He was a friend of Rousseau, by whom he was strongly influenced.…

Hamilton, Anthony

(Encyclopedia) Hamilton, Anthony, 1646?–1720, French author of Scottish descent, b. Ireland. He spent much time in France, where he became a master of the French language. He fought in the Dutch Wars…

Finnbogadóttir, Vigdís

(Encyclopedia) Finnbogadóttir, Vigdís vg´ds fnbgdô´tr, 1930–, Icelandic teacher and politician, president of Iceland (1980–96). She first became a public figure as the director of the…