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Brewer's: De Jure

(Latin). By right, rightfully, lawfully, according to the law of the land. Thus a legal axiom says: “De jure Judices, de facto Juratores, respondent” (Judges look to the law, juries to the…

Gentili, Alberico

(Encyclopedia) Gentili, Alberico älbr´k jnt´l, 1552–1608, Italian writer on international law. Forced to leave Italy because of his Protestantism, he went to England (1580), where he became…

Rapallo, Treaty of

(Encyclopedia) Rapallo, Treaty of, 1922, agreement signed by Germany and the USSR at Rapallo, Italy. It was reached by Walter Rathenau and G. V. Chicherin independently of the Conference of Genoa (…

Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kans.

(Encyclopedia) Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kans., case decided by the U.S. Supreme Court in 1954. Linda Brown was denied admission to her local elementary school in Topeka because she was…

Carol II

(Encyclopedia) Carol II, 1893–1953, king of Romania, son of King Ferdinand and Queen Marie. While crown prince, he contracted a morganatic marriage with Zizi Labrino but divorced her to marry (1921)…

Buchanan, George

(Encyclopedia) Buchanan, George, 1506–82, Scottish humanist. Educated at St. Andrews and Paris, he became (1536) tutor to James V's illegitimate son James Stuart (later earl of Murray). He was…

Brewer's: De Facto

Actually, in reality; in opposition to de jure, lawfully or rightfully. Thus John was de facto king, but Arthur was so de jure. Source: Dictionary of Phrase and Fable, E. Cobham Brewer,…

Brewer's: De Haut en Bas

Superciliously. “She used to treat him a little de haut en bas.” —C.Reade. But Du haut en bas. From top to bottom. Source: Dictionary of Phrase and Fable, E. Cobham Brewer, 1894De JureDe…

Brewer's: De Lunatico Inquirendo

(Latin). A writ issued to inquire into the state of a person's mind, whether it is sound or not. If not of sound mind, the person is called non compos, and is committed to proper guardians…

Brown v. Board of Education

On May 17, 1954, the Supreme Court ruled unanimously against segregation in schools George C. E. Hayes, Thurgood Marshall, James M. Nabrit (l-r) in front of the Supreme court, after winning…