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Confucius

(Encyclopedia) Confucius kənfyo͞o´shəs [key], Chinese K'ung Ch'iu or K'ung Fu-tzu, Pinyin Kong Fuzi, c.551–479? BC, Chinese sage. Positive evidence concerning the life of Confucius...

Confucius

Also Known As: Kong Fu-Zi Confucius was a teacher, scholar and minor political official whose commentary on Chinese literary classics developed into a pragmatic philosophy for daily l…

Taishan

(Encyclopedia) Taishan tī´shän´ [key] or Tai tī [key], peak, 5,069 ft (1,545 m) high, W Shandong prov., E China. Located in the homeland of Confucius, it is China's most sacred mountain. In anci...

Mencius

(Encyclopedia) Mencius mĕn´shəs [key], Mandarin Meng-tzu, 371?–288? BC, Chinese Confucian philosopher. The principal source for Mencius' life is his own writings. He was born in the ancient state...

Book of Changes

(Encyclopedia) Book of Changes or I Ching ē jĭng, ē chĭng [key], ancient Chinese book of prophecy and wisdom. The oldest parts of its text are thought to have attained their present form in the ce...

K'ung Hsiang-hsi

(Encyclopedia) K'ung Hsiang-hsi ko͝ong shyäng-shē [key], 1881–1967, Chinese banker and political leader, educated at Oberlin and at Yale. He deemed himself a direct descendant of Confucius in the 75th g...

Confucianism (Philosophy)

(Encyclopedia) Confucianism kənfyo͞o´shənĭzəm [key], moral and religious system of China. Its origins go back to the Analects (see Chinese literature ), the sayings attributed to Conf...

Lao Tzu

(Encyclopedia) Lao Tzu lou dzə [key], fl. 6th cent. BC, Chinese philosopher, reputedly the founder of Taoism . It is uncertain that Lao Tzu [Ch.,=old person or old philosopher] is historical. His biog...

Kano

(Encyclopedia) Kano kä´nō [key], family or school of Japanese painters. Kano Masanobu, c.1434–c.1530, the forerunner of the school, was attached to the shogun Yoshimasa's court. He painted landsc...

Chou

(Encyclopedia) Chou jō [key], dynasty of China, which ruled from c.1027 BC to 256 BC The pastoral Chou people migrated from the Wei valley NW of the Huang He c.1027 BC and overthrew the Shang dynasty...