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baseball

(Encyclopedia) baseball, bat-and-ball sport known as the national pastime of the United States. It derives its name from the four bases that form a diamond (the infield) around the pitcher's…

Chadwick, Henry

(Encyclopedia) Chadwick, Henry, 1824–1908, Anglo-American journalist who helped popularize baseball in the United States, b. Exeter, England. Moving to Brooklyn, N.Y., with his family in 1837, he was…

MacPhail, Larry

(Encyclopedia) MacPhail, Larry (Leland Stanford MacPhail, Sr.), 1890–1975, American baseball and business executive, b. Cass City, Mich., grad. George Washington Univ. (LL.B., 1910). After serving in…

McGraw, John Joseph

(Encyclopedia) McGraw, John Joseph mgrô´, 1873–1934, American baseball manager, b. Cortland co., N.Y. He began playing professional baseball in 1890 and was (1891–1900) the star third baseman of the…

Gwynn, Tony

(Encyclopedia) Gwynn, Tony (Anthony Keith Gwynn), 1960–2014, American baseball player and coach, b. Los Angeles. He played baseball and basketball at San Diego State Univ., and had a record 590…

Black Sox scandal

(Encyclopedia) Black Sox scandal, episode in which eight members of the Chicago White Sox, the American League champions, were banned from baseball in 1921 for having conspired with gamblers to throw…

softball

(Encyclopedia) softball, variant of baseball played with a larger ball on a smaller field. Invented (1888) in Chicago as an indoor game, it was at various times called indoor baseball, mush ball,…

Wadsworth, Louis Fenn

(Encyclopedia) Wadsworth, Louis Fenn, 1825–1908, American baseball player, b. Litchfield, Conn., grad. Washington College (now Trinity College), Hartford, 1844. After practicing law in New York City…

Spahn, Warren Edward

(Encyclopedia) Spahn, Warren Edward, 1921–2003, American baseball player, b. Buffalo, N.Y. A spectacular pitcher in high-school baseball, Spahn turned professional in 1939 and played in the minor…

Landis, Kenesaw Mountain

(Encyclopedia) Landis, Kenesaw Mountain kn´sô, 1866–1944, American jurist and commissioner of baseball (1921–44), b. Millville, Butler co., Ohio, grad. Union College of Law (now Northwestern Univ…