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Aristotle

Aristotle is one of the "big three" in ancient Greek philosophy, along with Plato and Socrates. (Socrates taught Plato, who in turn instructed Aristotle.) Aristotle is known for his carefully detailed…

Brewer's: Aristotle

Aristotle of China. Tehuhe, who died A.D. 1200, called the “Prince of Science.” Aristotle of the nineteenth century. Baron Cuvier, the great naturalist (1769–1832). Sour…

The Celtic Twilight: Aristotle of the Books

by W. B. Yeats Miraculous CreaturesThe Swine of the GodsAristotle of the Books The friend who can get the wood-cutter to talk more readily than he will to anybody else went lately to see h…

Theophrastus

Theophrastus was a philosopher of Greek antiquity whose writings on the classification of plants started the science of botany. He probably studied under Plato; he was certainly a student and close a…

Socrates

Socrates is the ancient Greek thinker who laid the early foundations for Western philosophical thought. His "Socratic Method" involved asking probing questions in a give-and-take which would eventuall…

Alexander the Great

A towering figure in ancient history, Alexander the Great came close to conquering the entire civilized world of his day. The son of King Phillip II of Macedon, Alexander was educated by the philosoph…

Heraclitus

Heraclitus (sometimes Heracleitus) was a pre-Socratic Greek philosopher whose obscure brand of metaphysics has been boiled down to the tidy maxim "you can never step in the same river twice." He is kn…

Thomas Aquinas

Name at birth: Tommaso d'AquinoThomas Aquinas was a priest, professor and philosopher who influenced centuries of religious and academic thought with his methodical way of harmonizing faith and reason…

Peter Abelard

Name at birth: Pierre Le PalletPeter Abelard (also Abelaird or Abaelardus) was a 12th century scholar and theological pot-stirrer whose fame as a critic was eclipsed by his tortured love affair with a…

Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis

Name at birth: Jacqueline Lee BouvierThe wife and then widow of U.S. president John F. Kennedy, Jacqueline Bouvier Kennedy Onassis remains an American icon of high style and grace. Jackie Bouvier was…