Credit for the safety of his crew is due in part to Cook’s faith in physician James Lind’s theory that citrus fruit could prevent scurvy… There are fifteen islands northeast of New Zealand known as the Cook Islands, but they weren’t discovered by Cook. Polynesians were there around 800 and Spaniards were there in the late 16th century. Cook was there in 1773 and dubbed them the Hervey Islands. A Russian cartographer renamed them the Cook Islands in the early part of the 1800s, and the name stuck… Benjamin Franklin admired Cook so much he offered the navigator a “passport” for safe passage during the Revolutionary War, but by that time Cook had already been killed in Hawaii.
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