Lobbyist Jack Abramoff is the key figure in an American financial and political corruption scandal of the early 21st century. Though the charges against Abramoff were many and complicated, he was primarily accused of collecting millions of dollars in inflated lobbying and legal fees from clients and using that money to influence Congressmen and other legislators through gifts and political donations. Abramoff attended Brandeis University (where he was an active supporter of Ronald Reagan's 1980 presidential campaign) and later joined fellow activists Grover Norquist and Ralph Reed in running the College Republican National Committee. After earning a law degree from Georgetown University, Abramoff became a lobbyist and lawyer in Washington, D.C. In the 1990s Abramoff gained influence with future Senate majority leader Tom DeLay and other rising lawmakers. By 2001, with George W. Bush in the White House and Republicans in control of Congress, Abramoff was one of the most influential lobbyists in Washington. A few years later his shady deals became more publicly known, and investigations by the Justice Department led to his 2006 plea agreement. Abramoff pleaded guilty in 2006 to charges of tax evasion, fraud and conspiracy related to a Florida casino deal, and was sentenced to five years and 10 months in federal prison. He also agreed to provide information to prosecutors about his dealings with members of Congress. Two years later, in 2008, he was sentenced to an additional four years in prison and ordered to pay $23 million in restitution after he pled guilty to conspiracy, fraud and tax evasion charges. He was released from prison to a halfway house in June of 2010. In 2011 he published a memoir, Capitol Punishment: The Hard Truth About Washington Corruption from America's Most Notorious Lobbyist.
While establishing himself as a lobbyist in the late 1980s, Abramoff also produced the anti-Communist feature film Red Scorpion (1989). It starred Dolph Lundgren and M. Emmet Walsh.