Ian Fleming is the author who created the fictional and enduring superspy James Bond
. Bond is the suave, lady-killing British agent (code name "007") who travels the globe, battles super-villains bent on world domination, and famously prefers his vodka martinis "shaken, not stirred." Ian Fleming was born into a well-to-do family, attended Eton as a teen, and bounced around in a variety of jobs before working in military intelligence during World War II. After the war he took to writing, and published his first Bond adventure, Casino Royale
, in 1953. The book was a hit, and Fleming wrote 11 more Bond novels and two short-story collections before his death just a decade later, in 1964. Widely read, the stories spawned an even more profitable series of James Bond movies which continued into the 21st century, with Sean Connery
, Roger Moore
and Daniel Craig
among the most famous actors to play Bond. Ian Fleming also wrote a series of travel books and the popular children's story Chitty Chitty Bang Bang.