Name at birth: Daniel Foe
Daniel Defoe is generally considered to be England's first true novelist. His book Robinson Crusoe (1719), the tale of a sailor shipwrecked alone on a deserted island, is a classic of English literature. (The novel was based on the true-life story of Alexander Selkirk.) Defoe also wrote the well-known novel Moll Flanders (1722) and the lesser-known Roxana (1724) among many other works.
DeFoe was born as Daniel Foe, but later added the aristocratic-sounding “De” to his name.