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Drinking Water and Sanitation Around the World

About 42% of the world's population, or 2.6 billion people, live in families with no proper means of sanitation, and 1.1 billion do not have access to safe drinking water. Lack of water supply and sanitation services kills about 4,500 children a day.

Drinking Water: Percentage with
Access to Safe Drinking Water

Region 1990 2004
World 78% 83%
Developed countries 100 99
Eurasia 92 93
Developing countries 71 80
Northern Africa 89 91
Sub-Saharan Africa 49 56
Latin America and
the Caribbean
83 91
Eastern Asia 71 78
South Asia 72 85
Southeastern Asia 76 82
Western Asia 85 91
Oceania 51 50

Sanitation: Percentage with
Access to Basic Sanitation

Region 1990 2004
World 49% 59%
Developed countries 100 99
Eurasia 84 83
Developing countries 35 50
Northern Africa 65 77
Sub-Saharan Africa 32 37
Latin America and
the Caribbean
68 77
Eastern Asia 24 45
South Asia 20 38
Southeastern Asia 49 67
Western Asia 81 84
Oceania 54 53

Source: WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation.


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