Animal Names: Male, Female, and Young

Updated July 21, 2023 | Infoplease Staff
Lion family

Animal names are crucial distinctions in the English language for the creatures that exist across the planet. Whether it’s the best pet names, the terminology for baby farm animals, or what you might call a wild animal, knowing the terminology for male, female, and baby critters is important.

For example, did you know that a male weasel is called a hob? Or that a female cat is called a queen? Of course, a baby bird can be a chick, and a baby deer is a fawn, but did you know that platypus young are called puggles?

Read on for everything you need to know about male and female animal names for a variety of feathery, furry, and scaly creatures!

Animal Male Female Young
Alligator Bull Cow Hatchling
Alpaca Male Female Cria
Antelope Buck Doe Calf
Armadillo Male Female Pup
Baboon Male Female Infant
Bear Boar Sow Cub
Beaver Male Female Kit, Pup, or Kitten
Bee Drone Worker, Queen Larva
Buffalo or Bison Bull Cow Calf
Butterfly Male Female Chrysalis or Larva
Camel Bull Cow Calf
Cat Tom Queen Kitten
Cattle Bull Cow Calf
Cheetah Male Female Cub
Chicken Rooster Hen Chick, Pullet, or Cockrell
Cicada Male Female Nymph
Coyote Dog Bitch Pup or Whelp
Deer Buck Doe Fawn
Dog Dog Bitch Pup or Puppy
Dolphin Bull Cow Calf
Donkey Jack Jenny Foal or Filly
Dove Cock Hen Squab or Chick
Duck Drake Duck Duckling
Eagle Tiercel Hen Eaglet
Echidna Male Female Puggle
Elephant Bull Cow Calf
Ferret Hob Jill Kit
Finch Cock Hen Chick, Pullet, or Cockrell
Fish Male Female Fingerling or Fry
Flamingo Male Female Chick
Fox Renyard or Dog Vixen Cub
Frog Male Female Tadpole, Polliwog, or Froglet
Giant Panda Boar Soar Cub
Giraffe Bull Doe Calf
Goat Billy Doe Kid
Goose Gander Goose Gosling
Grasshopper Male Female Nymph
Grouse Blackcock Hen Poult
Guinea Pig Boar Sow Pup
Hamster Buck Doe Pup
Hare Buck Doe Leveret
Hedgehog Boar Sow Piglet or Pup
Hermit Crab Male Female Zoea
Hippopotamus Bull Cow Calf
Horse Stallion Mare Foal or Filly
Animal Male Female Young
Human Man Woman Baby or Infant
Hyena Male Female Cub
Ibex Buck Doe Kid
Jaguar Male Female Cub
Jellyfish Boar Sow Ephyna
Kangaroo Buck or Jack Doe or Jill Joey
Koala Male Female Joey
Lemur Princess Pup
Leopard Leopard Leopardess Cub
Lion Lion Lioness Cub
Llama Male Female Cria
Louse Male Female Nymph
Lynx Male Female Kit
Mole Male Female Pup
Mouse Buck Doe Pinkie or Pup
Opossum Jack Jill Joey
Otter Male Female Whelp
Owl Owl Hen Owlet
Oyster Spat
Peafowl Peacock Peahen Chick
Penguin Male Female Chick or Nestling
Platypus Male Female Platypup or Puggle
Polar Bear Boar Sow Cub
Rabbit Buck Doe Bunny or Kit
Raccoon Boar Sow Cub
Rhinoceros Bull Cow Calf
Sheep Ram Ewe Lamb
Skunk Boar Sow Kit
Sloth Male Female Baby, Pup, or Kitten
Snake Male Female Snakelet
Spider Male Female Spiderling
Storks Male Female Squab or Pullet
Swan Cob Pen Cygnet or Flapper
Swine Boar Sow Piglet or Shoat
Tiger Tiger Tigress Cub
Toad Male Female Tadpole
Turkey Gobbler or Tom Hen Poult
Turtle Male Female Hatchling
Walrus Bull Cow Cub or Pup
Weasel Hob, Dog, Buck, or Jack Bitch, Doe, or Jill Kit
Whale Bull Sow Calf
Wolf Dog Bitch Pup
Wombat Jack Jill Joey
Zebra Stallion Mare Foal

What’s Good for the Goose Is Good for the Gander

Now that you are armed for the biology section of your next trivia night, check out our list of Animal Group Terminology to discover the collective nouns for animals on this list, such as a prickle of hedgehogs. Or take our quiz and see, Can You Name These Baby Animals?

And if you are looking for baby names for human infants, check out a list of Nature-Inspired Names!

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