World Land Areas and Elevations

Updated September 9, 2022 | Infoplease Staff

The following table lists the approximate land area, highest elevation, and lowest elevation of the world's continents, including Africa, Antarctica, Asia, Australia, Europe, North America, and South America, according to the World Atlas.

Area Approximate
land area
sq. km
land area
sq. mi.
of total
land area
Elevation, feet and meters
Highest Lowest
WORLD148,647,00057,393,000100.0%Mt. Everest, Tibet-Nepal, 29,035 ft.
(8,850 m)1
Dead Sea, Israel-Jordan, 1,349 ft. below sea level (–411 m)
AFRICA30,065,00011,608,00020.2Mt. Kilimanjaro, Tanzania, 19,340 ft. (5,895 m)Lake Assal, Djibouti, 512 ft. below sea level (–156 m)
ANTARCTICA 13,209,0005,100,0008.9Vinson Massif, Ellsworth Mts., 16,066 ft.
(4,897 m)
Lowest land point hidden within Bentley Subglacial Trench2
ASIA (includes the
Middle East)
44,579,00017,212,00030.0 Mt. Everest, Tibet-Nepal, 29,035 ft. (8,850 m)Dead Sea, Israel-Jordan, 1,349 ft. below sea level (–411 m)
(includes Oceania)
8,112,000 3,132,0005.3Mt. Kosciusko, Australia, 7,310 ft. (2,228 m)Lake Eyre, Australia, 52 ft. below sea level (–12 m)
EUROPE (the Ural Mountains in Russia form the boundary between Europe and Asia)9,938,0003,837,0006.7 Mt. Elbrus, Russia/Georgia, 18,510 ft. (5,642 m)Caspian Sea, Russia/Kazakhstan 92 ft. below sea level (–28 m)
NORTH AMERICA (includes Central America and the
24,474,0009,449,00016.5Mt. McKinley, Alaska, 20,320 ft.
(6,194 m)
Death Valley, Calif., 282 ft. below sea level (–86 m)
SOUTH AMERICA17,819,0006,879,00012.0Mt. Aconcagua, Argentina,
22,834 ft.
(6,960 m)
Valdes Peninsula, Argentina 131 ft. below sea level (–40 m)
1. The 1954 elevation of Everest, 29,028 ft. (8,848 m) was revised on Nov. 11, 1999, and now stands at 29,035 ft. (8,850 m).
2. Bentley Subglacial Trench itself (ice, not land) is –8,327 ft. below sea level (–2,538 m).

Continental Drift and Plate-Tectonics TheoryWorld GeographyPolar Regions
World Geography
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