In the late 20th and early 21st cent., the Rohingya have been subject to recurring persecution in Myanmar. Discouraged from practising their religion and subject to severe restrictions on education, employment, marriage, and freedom of movement, they have often been the target of Myanmar's security forces. A Rohingya insurgent attack on police in 2016 led to a crackdown in N Rakhine in which the military were accused of committing atrocities. New insurgent attacks in 2017 sparked attacks on Rohingyas by the military and Buddhist mobs. Rohingya villages were burned, and some 7,000 Rohingyas were believed to have been killed. Some 700,000 fled to Bangladesh, joining the 300,000 already there; another 125,000 were forced into camps in Rakhine. A United Nations report later accused Myanmar of genocide. An international agreement called for repatriating the Rohingya refugees to Myanmar begining in 2018, but little progress has been made. In 2020 Bangladesh begin holding some of the refugees on the formerly uninhabited, low-lying island of Bhasan Char, where it had built facilties.
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