Schrdinger, Erwin ?rv?n shrd?ng-?r [key]
, 1887?1961, Austrian theoretical physicist. He was educated at Vienna, taught at Breslau and Zrich, and was professor at the Univ. of Berlin (1927?33), fellow of Magdalen College, Oxford (1933?36), and professor at the Univ. of Graz (1936?38), the Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies (1940?57), and the Univ. of Vienna (1957?61). Schrdinger is known for his mathematical development of wave mechanics (1926), a form of quantum mechanics (see quantum theory
), and his formulation of the wave equation that bears his name. The Schrdinger equation is the most widely used mathematical tool of the modern quantum theory. For this work he shared the 1933 Nobel Prize in Physics with P. A. M. Dirac.
See studies by C. W. Kilmister, ed. (1987), W. J. Moore (1989), and P. Halpern (2015).
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
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