[Gr.,=steersman], term coined by American mathematician Norbert Wiener
to refer to the general analysis of control systems
systems in living organisms and machines. In cybernetics, analogies are drawn between the functioning of the brain and nervous system and the computer
and other electronic systems. The science overlaps the fields of neurophysiology, information theory
, computing machinery, and automation
. See servomechanism
See N. Wiener, Cybernetics (rev. ed. 1961) and The Human Use of Human Beings (1967); F. H. Fuchs, The Brain as a Computer (1973).
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
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