Gregory X, d. 1276, pope (1271–76), an Italian named Tebaldo Visconti, b. Piacenza; successor of Clement IV . After Clement IV's death the cardinals took 34 months to elect a pope. Gregory was archdeacon of Liège when elected and neither a cardinal nor a priest. At the time he was in the Holy Land. He became a conciliator in European politics and helped to end civil war in Germany by supporting the election of Rudolf of Hapsburg as emperor (see Rudolf I ). He convoked the Second Council of Lyons (1274; see Lyons, Second Council of ) and led in its work, particularly in the temporary reunion with the Orthodox of Constantinople. He was succeeded by Innocent V . Gregory was beatified in 1713.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
See more Encyclopedia articles on: Roman Catholic Popes and Antipopes