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Whitby

Whitby, town, Scarborough, North Yorkshire, N England, at the mouth of the Esk. It is a port and resort whose primary industries are fishing and tourism. Jet is found locally, and jewelry and ornaments have long been produced from it; the industry peaked during the Victorian era. Whitby was the site of an abbey found by St. Hilda in 657. In 663 the Synod of Whitby (see Whitby, Synod of ) was held here under King Oswy of Northumbria. The Danes ravaged the abbey in 867, and in 1078 it was refounded for Benedictines. There is a cross commemorating the poet Cædmon , who lived at the abbey. Captain Cook was shipbuilders's apprentice in Whitby, and his ship Resolution was built here. There is a history museum. North York Moors National Park surrounds the town.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

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