Home Countiesaround London; attractive woodland areas lie to the south.
About one quarter of the total area is devoted to agriculture. There is dairy farming, market gardening, and wheat and oat cultivation. Manufactures include radio and radar equipment and aircraft. Epsom and Ewell is known for its horse racing, and Kew for the Royal Botanic Gardens (popularly known as Kew Gardens). On Runnymede, King John signed the Magna Carta in 1215. In Anglo-Saxon times, Surrey was variously under the dominion of Mercia and Wessex and was overrun in the 9th cent. by the Danes. In 1974, Surrey was reorganized as a nonmetropolitan county; a small area in the southeast was assigned to the nonmetropolitan county of West Sussex.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
See more Encyclopedia articles on: British and Irish Political Geography