Suffolk and Norfolk formed the Kingdom of the Iceni, who were led by Boadicea in a revolt (AD 60) against the Romans. In Anglo-Saxon times Suffolk was part of the kingdom of East Anglia, inhabited by the
south folk of that kingdom, from which its name comes. In the Middle Ages, Suffolk was the center of a large wool industry. The importance of Ipswich as a port increased when Great Britain joined the European Community (now the European Union). In 1974, East Suffolk and West Suffolk, which had been separate counties since 1888, and county borough of Ipswich were combined to form the nonmetropolitan county of Suffolk.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
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