Harlech här´lĕkh, –lĕk, här´lē [key], town (1981 pop. 1,372), Gwynedd, W Wales. It is a resort area with beautiful beaches. The ancient capital of Merionethshire, with its 13th-century castle, rests on a cliff 200 ft (61 m) above the modern seaside town. The heroic defense of the castle against the Yorkists (1468; see Roses, Wars of the ) is the theme of the Welsh battle song,
The March of the Men of Harlech.The Welsh fortress was the last to surrender (1647) to the parliamentarians in the English civil war . Portmeiron, a resort and architectural fantasy, is to the north across the Dwyryd River.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
See more Encyclopedia articles on: British and Irish Political Geography