Carlisle, city and district, Cumbria,
NW England, near the junction of the Caldew, Eden, and Petteril rivers. The
city of Carlisle is an important rail center. Manufactures include textiles,
biscuits, and metal products, in addition to a substantial engineering
industry. Carlisle also has an important livestock auction. The city's
location was formerly strategic; the Roman camp Luguvallium stood there,
near Hadrian's Wall.
The site figured prominently in the border warfare between the English and
the Scots during the Middle Ages. Mary Queen of Scots was imprisoned there
in 1568. During the English civil
war, parliamentarians captured Carlisle. A technical college is
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