City (1990 pop. 16,318), seat of Westmoreland co., SW Pa. settled c.1770, inc. as a city 1928. Located in a coal area, the city manufactures concrete, chemicals, machinery, and metal products. Col. Henry Bouquet defeated (1763) Native Americans near there, opening up W Pennsylvania for settlement. Greensburg (originally New Town) was located midway between Fort Ligonier and Fort Pitt. It became the county seat in 1785. Seton Hill College and a branch of the Univ. of Pittsburgh are there.
Town (1990 pop. 1,792), seat of Kiowa co., S Kansas inc. 1886. Located in a grain and livestock region, the town is notable for its efforts to rebuild according to high energy and environmental design standards in the wake of the 2007 tornado that destroyed much of the town. The world's largest hand-dug well, 109 ft (33 m) deep, dug in 1887–88, is there, as is a half-ton pallasite meteorite found near the town in 1949.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
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