Today Bucharest is a modern city, with parks, libraries, museums, and theaters, and is the seat of the patriarch of the Romanian Orthodox Church. Landmarks include the Patriarchal Cathedral or Metropolitan Church (1650s), the New St. George Church (17th cent.), the Radu Voda (early 17th cent.) and Stavropoleos (1724–30) churches, and the Athenaeum, devoted to art and music. A new patriarchal cathedral, the People's Salvation Cathedral, was consecrated in 2018 while still incomplete. Among the city's educational institutions are the old university (founded 1864), the new university (1935), an engineering college, and several academies and scientific institutes. During the 1980s, Romanian President Nicolae Ceauşescu attempted to transform Bucharest into a model socialist-planned city. He ordered the demolition of much of the Old City to make way for massive new state buildings, most prominently the Palace of Parliament (formerly the House of the People; 1984), the world's largest civilian administration building. To provide the city with a river, he had the Dimboviţa River rechanneled through S Bucharest.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
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