Ny-Ålesund nü˝-ô´ləso͝on [key] [New Alesund], town, on Kongsfjorden, NW Spitsbergen island, Svalbard, Norway. Established as a coal-mining settlement, it is now a largely seasonal scientific research center. Ny-Ålesund was (1926) the base of polar flights by Richard Byrd , in an airplane, and by Roald Amundsen , who, with Lincoln Ellsworth and Umberto Nobile , flew from there to Alaska in the dirigible Norge.

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