Ny-Ålesund nüˌ-ôˈləso͝on [key] [New Alesund], town, on Kongsfjorden, NW Spitsbergen island, Svalbard, Norway. Established as a coal-mining settlement, it is now a largely seasonal scientific research center. Ny-Ålesund was (1926) the base of polar flights by Richard Byrd, in an airplane, and by Roald Amundsen, who, with Lincoln Ellsworth and Umberto Nobile, flew from there to Alaska in the dirigible Norge.

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