Salzgitter zälts´gĭt´ər [key], city (1994 pop. 117,684), Lower Saxony, N central Germany. Situated in one of the richest iron-ore producing regions in W Germany, it has blast furnaces, steel plants, rolling mills, and industries producing railway cars, textiles, machinery, and pharmaceuticals. The city was created in 1942 by the merger of 27 towns and until 1951 was known as Watenstedt-Salzgitter.

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