Residential city (1990 pop. 10,904), seat of Gloucester co., SW N.J., in the Philadelphia–Camden metropolitan area; settled 1683, inc. as a city 1871. It is a trade and service center, and petrochemical companies are nearby. Originally a Quaker settlement, Woodbury tried to remain neutral in the American Revolution; however, the armies of both sides occupied the town, and many battles were fought in the vicinity. The city's 18th-century buildings include the Cooper House, where Cornwallis stopped in 1777, and a Friends' meetinghouse. The county historical society has collections in the John Lawrence House (1765).
2 Town (1990 pop. 8,236), Orange co., S N.Y.; inc. 1889. A largely residential bedroom community outside New York City, Woodbury is also a regional outlet shopping center. Arden House, E. H. Harriman's mansion, is now a conference center owned by Columbia Univ. West Point and Bear Mt. State Park are nearby.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
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