New Jersey:

Government, Politics, and Higher Education

The New Jersey legislature consists of a senate of 40 members and an assembly of 80 members. The governor serves a four-year term and may be reelected once. Republican Christine Todd Whitman, elected governor in 1993, was reelected in 1997. After she resigned (2001) to head the Environmental Protection Agency, Donald T. DiFrancesco, president of the state senate, became acting governor. In 2001, Democrat James E. McGreevey was elected to the office. He resigned in 2004 after disclosing he had had an extramarital homosexual relationship with a political appointee, and Senate President Richard J. Codey became acting governor. Jon S. Corzine, a Democrat, was elected to the governorship in 2005; he lost to Republican Christopher J. Christie in 2009. Christie won a second term in 2013. In 2017 Democrat Philip D. Murphy was elected governor. New Jersey sends 12 representatives and 2 senators to the U.S. Congress and has 14 electoral votes.

New Jersey's two best-known institutions of higher learning were established in the 18th cent.—Princeton Univ., at Princeton, as the College of New Jersey in 1746; and Rutgers Univ., mainly at New Brunswick, as Queen's College in 1766. Among other New Jersey educational institutions are Fairleigh Dickinson Univ., with three campuses; Seton Hall Univ., mainly at South Orange; Stevens Institute of Technology, at Hoboken; the Univ. of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, with five campuses; and a number of state colleges. The Institute for Advanced Study, at Princeton, is one of the leading research centers of the country.

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The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

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