Chufut-Kale cho͞ofo͞ot´-kəlyĕ´ [key] [Turk.,=Jews' city], ruined fortress and town, S Crimea (Ukraine, occupied and annexed by Russia in 2014). While under Turkish rule (1475–1783), it was the center of the Jewish sect of Karaites . Jewish inscriptions date back to 1203, and the region was probably the last refuge of the Crimean Khazars .

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