Turkey is governed under the constitution of 1982 as amended. The president, who is head of state and head of government, is popularly elected to a five-year term and may be reelected once; if early elections are called, however, the president may run for a third term. The unicameral legislature consists of the 600-seat Grand National Assembly, whose members are elected proportionally from multiseat constituencies to serve five-year terms; a party must receive at least 10% of the vote to be seated in the assembly. Administratively, Turkey is divided into 81 provinces.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
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