[key], city, capital of Jilin prov., China, on the railroad between Harbin
and Dalian. An industrial city, it is one of the country's major center of
transportation equipment production, including motor vehicle parts. Railroad
cars, buses, tires, pharmaceuticals, and textiles are also manufactured. An
aluminum plant is west of the city. Changchun is also a center for motion
picture production. As Hsinking or Xinjing [Chin.,=new capital], it
was the capital of the former state of Manchukuo (1932–45). During this
period the city was rebuilt along modern lines. Many of the large
administrative buildings have been converted into universities; these
include Jilin Univ., a polytechnical university, a medical college, and
several technical institutes.
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