Egypt is governed under the constitution approved in 2014 as amended. Executive power is held by the president, who is the head of state and is elected by popular vote for a six-year term; a president may serve two terms. The head of government is the prime minister, who is appointed by the president and approved by parliament. The House of Representatives is the unicameral legislative. It must have at least 450 members; they are elected to five-year terms. Administratively, Egypt is divided into 27 governorates.

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