Egypt: Government


Egypt is governed under the constitution approved in 2014 as amended. Executive power is held by the president, who is the head of state and is elected by popular vote for a six-year term; a president may serve two terms. The head of government is the prime minister, who is appointed by the president and approved by the House of Representatives. The bicameral Parliament consist of the House of Representatives and Senate. The former has 450 members; they are largely elected, with up to 5% appointed by the president. The Senate, an advisory body reestablished in 2020, has 300 members, two thirds of which are elected; the rest are appointed by the president. Members of both houses serve five-year terms. Administratively, Egypt is divided into 27 governorates.

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